The mining bee, also known as Adrena, is another type of bee that looks very similar to the honey bee. Mining bees have a similar build like honey bees but are smaller. They are also darker in color compared to honey bees – typically brown, black, or even reddish sometimes. Like most bees, mining bees feed on nectar and pollen and are another important pollinator. Surprisingly, mining bees only live about a month once they emerge in spring to mate, reproduce, and prepare for next year.
Mining bees get their name because they build their nests in the ground. They prefer to dig out their nests, particularly in loose, sandy soil. Mining bees are solitary bees that don’t form colonies, but they often create nests near each other. Their nests do not do any damage to lawns, but rather actually helps the ground by aerating it. Mining bees are also very docile bees that will rarely sting unless provoked.