The majority of the work we do is mouse prevention and control. Mice can be a serious issue for homeowners, as they need only the smallest of holes to gain access into your home. Once inside, they can wreak havoc with their movements, mating, feeding, droppings, and more. The most frequently encountered mouse here in Wisconsin is known as the house mouse.
House mice are small rodents, usually grey or brown in color with a lighter underbelly. They have the stereotypical appearance of a “mouse” with a long pointed snout, a long, skinny tail, and large, rounded ears. Their ears, paired with their long whiskers, are predominantly how mice sense their surroundings, as they have small eyes and poor eyesight. Their body is around four inches long, with an additional two to four inches of tail. These long tails are used for balance and help with temperature control. As most mammals are, house mice are covered in fur, although their tails, feet, and ears may appear bare. Their legs are short compared to their body and tail, but they can run and climb quickly and jump up to 18 inches.
Mice are well-known for their rapid breeding abilities. In fact, they become sexually mature after only two months! They are not seasonal breeders and will mate and have litters at any time throughout the year, sometimes as often as every 40 days. Litter size ranges from four to seven young at a time. These young and their parents will live in a nest, usually made from shredded paper or other fibers. Nests are located in sheltered areas, and unlike many other animals mice will defecate and urinate within the nest. Once the nest becomes unlivable, they will abandon it and create a new one.
Nests are formed near food sources, and typically mice will travel no farther than 30 feet to feed. Grains and other plant matters are a mouse’s preferred food, but they will eat whatever may be available. Birdseed, paper products, pet food, and stored grain-products like cereal are all top targets.